Contouring [Contour Line, Contour Interval and Horizontal Equivalent]

CONTOURING Contouring is, generally a leveling operation. The principal objective of contouring is to determine the points of the same reduced level (RL) on the ground. The types of equipment needed are the same for both leveling and contouring. The contour lines

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HVAC Meaning || Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning

Meaning of HVAC: The basic meaning of an HVAC system is it stands for Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. HVAC systems generally control temperature, humidity, and quality of air in a building or any occupied space. The main goal of the HVAC

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REINFORCED CEMENT CONCRETE (R.C.C.)

  Materials Used in Reinforced Cement Concrete (R.C.C.)Work   Cement Before the introduction of ordinary portland cement, the lime was used as a cementing or binding material. Most of the cement concrete work in building constructions are done with ordinary portland cement.

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REINFORCED BRICKWORK (R.B. WORK)

REINFORCED BRICKWORK (R.B. WORK) MATERIALS Brick should be strict of first-class quality and mortar shall be of fresh Portland cement. Fine aggregate should be clean and free from foreign matter. Steel reinforcement shall be of standard specification as described in items. CENTERING

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Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates || Procedure and Test Results

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates – Introduction Sieve analysis of fine aggregates is one of the most important tests performed on-site. Aggregates are inert materials that are mixed with binding materials such as cement or lime for the manufacturing of mortar or

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Precast Concrete : Definition and Properties

Precast Concrete Section What is Precast Concrete? Precast concrete consists of concrete ( a mixture of cement, aggregates, admixtures, and water) is produced by casting into a specific shape in reusable molds or by using highly advanced machinery and then cured in

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Cement Concrete || Constituents Properties and Uses of Concrete

What is Cement Concrete? Portland cement concrete is a mixture of Portland cement, water, coarse and fine aggregates, and admixtures proportioned to form a plastic mass capable of being cast, placed, or molded into forms that will harden to a solid mass.

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Ordinary Portland Cement -Definition, Composition, Uses

Ordinary Portland Cement Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) is one of the most widely used types of Portland cement. The name Portland Cement was named by Joseph Aspdin in 1824 due to its similarity in color and its quality when it

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What is Cement | Definition, Properties and Types

What is Cement? A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens, and adheres to alternative materials to bind them along. There are 2 main kinds of cement: Geopolymer cement and portland cement. Cement is rarely used on

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Grade of Concrete and Mix Ratio of Concrete

Grade of Concrete : The designation of Concrete according to its compressive strength is called Grade of Concrete. Following are the different Grade of Concrete, their Mix Proportions, and their compressive strength :   Group Grade of Concrete Compressive Strength Mix Ratio

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Unit Weight of Different Construction Materials

Unit Weight of Different Construction Materials – Cement, Steel, Concrete, Sand, etc.     These are the unit weight of different construction materials which are commonly used at the site such as cement, steel, concrete sand, etc : SL. NO. MATERIAL THEORETICAL WEIGHT

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Geotechnical Engineering Lecture Notes | PART – I

Geotechnical Engineering Lecture Notes PART – I >> DOWNLOAD For more Notes visit here >> CIVILGYAN NOTES

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